Gathering of the Chiefs- Brook Parker
Wakea and Papa
In Hawaiian tradition Wakea, the sky father, married Papa, whom he formed into Papahanaumoku, the earth mother. This depiction of the myth was painted by Solomon Enos, an indigenous Hawaiian artist.
PELELEU WAR CANOE
(Hawaiian War Canoe)
Built for King Kamehameha I for the invasion of Kauai between 1796 and 1801. He had a fleet of approximately 20. The largest one, 70 feet in length, was rigged with a European type sail, while other features and the exterior design were Hawaiian.
The Peleleu fleet arrived at Oahu in 1803. A cholera epidemic broke out in 1804, wiping out many of Kamehameha’s men. The expedition was called off and the canoes were left to rot in the sun on the shores of Waikiki.
LEGEND OF LAKA- Herb Kawainui Kane
LEGEND OF LAKA
Laka is the son of Wahieloa and Hina-hawea (Koolau-kahili or -kahiki) and is brought up by his grandmother Hina-howana in Kipahulu district on the island of Maui. As the time of his birth approaches, his father sails after a birth gift for his son and, landing at Punalu‘u in Ka-u district on Hawaii, is killed and his bones are thrown into the cave of Kaualehu guarded by old woman Kaikapu (or at the cave Makili and Makula at the cliff of Kupinai). When the boys jeer at Laka because he is fatherless he determines to seek his father’s bones.
The tree cut down one day for the canoe, he finds restored to its place the next morning. Instructed by his grandmother, he first hides and seizes the leaders of the little gods of the forest who are doing the mischief, Moku-hali‘i and Kupaaike‘e who are his relatives, then “greases the mouths of the gods” with offerings, and the gods complete the two canoes for him in a single night. In the morning after the night of Kane he finds them standing outside his door ready to be lashed together and launched.
Four skilful men accompany him, father Prop (makua Poupou) to hold open the mouth of the cave, father Stretch (makua Kiko‘o) to reach inside, father Torch (makua Kalama) to light the cave, and father Seeker (makua Imi) to hunt for the bones. Arrived at Punalu‘u they bribe the old woman to open the door by offering her a dish of soup. She tastes it and slams shut the cave door, declaring it is not salt enough. Father Reach now puts out his hand and tries the salt of various seas until the old woman is suited with that of Puna. No sooner is the door opened to take in the bowl of soup than father Prop holds it open, father Torch lights it up, father Seeker finds where the bones are lying, and father Reach stretches in an arm and brings them outside. They kill old Kaikapu and return to Maui, landing at Kaumakani. The bones, together with the canoes and the bodies of his companions, Laka deposits in the cave at Papauluana, whose entrance no man has found to this day
BYRON’S BAY HILO 1825- Herb Kawainui Kane
MAUI FISHES UP THE LAND
Because of family rivalries, Maui decided to out-fish his brothers. Going into the underworld, Maui took the jawbone from the dead side of Muri, his ancestress, and thus equipped took his brothers far out to sea. Using the ala’e for bait, and the jawbone for a hook, Maui managed to snare a kahuni-o-kahe who holds the land to the ocean depths and a whole land mass began to rise. As Maui was about to pull up an entire continent, the line broke. The land plunged back into the sea shattering it into hundreds of fragments. Those that remained were the islands of the Pacific with the largest two being known today as New Zealand and Australia.
Ancient Ni’ihau: Off the coast of Kaua’i
Niuhi and Kamehameha at his ailolo ceremony
Kamehameha Kanaiaupuni (The Conquerer )
Chief Manu’a of Hilo
Kanaloa: God of the Ocean
In the mythology of old Hawaii, Kanaloa was the god of the ocean, a healer god, and the close companion of Kane, the god of creation. They would journey together, share the sacred drink of ‘awa, and use their staves to strike the ground and cause springs of fresh water to burst forth. Rare statues of Kanaloa feature him with round eyes, unlike those of any other representations of the gods. In the Hawaiian language, “kanaloa” is also used as a word that means “a sea shell; the young stage of a certain fish; an alternate name for Kaho’olawe Island; and secure, firm, immovable, established, unconquerable.” A root translation of the word, ka-na-loa, means “the great peace, or the great stillness.” The word also has the connotation of total confidence. In the esoteric tradition of Huna Kupua, Kanaloa represents the Core Self, or the center of the universe within oneself.